Artisanal mining which is a worldwide phenomenon is practiced by semi-skilled artisans, without caution to the environment and human health. As the practice directly and indirectly continues to support an excess of 100 million people in aspects such as jobs in remote villages, reduction of emigration to urban areas as well as poverty reduction, its impact seems to be happening silently and slowly. The afore-mentioned benefits make the society relaxed and forget about any side-effects that accrue to it. The global life therefore continues to be and remain in danger due to the manner in which artisanal mining is conducted. This book reveals artisanal miner's ventures in gold mining process and the impact to the environment and human health. It is vividly supported by medical health laboratory data and counter-checked by data from heavy metal laboratory findings. At the same time, the book delves into the analysis of PROUT (progress utilization theory). The book is useful and is recommended to professionals in the environmental management, undergraduate and postgraduate students and anyone interested in environmental issues.